The Multiverse: Have Scientists Found Evidence of Parallel Universe?
According to information from a recently published study that was published in Astrophysical Journal, a cosmologist from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) believes that he might have discovered evidence that an alternate parallel universe exists. the study had researcher Ranga-Ram Chary describing how his data found evidence of cosmic bruising, which occurs when one universe bumps into another one. This cosmic bruising may be used to identify an anomaly that he found on the cosmic microwave background map. The Cosmic Microwave Background is viewed as a remnant of the Big Bang, and is made of the light that was created when the universe was being born. During his research, Chary created a map of this phenomenon by using the information that was collected from the European Space Agency’s (ESA) space telescope Planck. When he compared his map with what was happening in the sky, he found what looked like a blog, which was made of the bright light. These bursts of ancient light have long been observed in the cosmic microwave background, and scientists have been using those bursting light signatures to locate radiation traces in the universe that they believe was created in the first 100,000 after the Big Bang occurred. Scientists also believe that the light was the likely creation of a recombination (when the protonic particles and electrons first get together to make hydrogen).
The visible light that scientists can detect from hydrogen is severely limited, but scientists use it as a means of figuring out and distinguishing the specific colors of these ancient blobs that are observed in the cosmic background. In Chary’s paper model of the cosmic background, however, the blob’s color differed from what it was supposed to be, which is why Chary believed he had found evidence of a parallel universe. He explained that these color differentials could be explained with the multiverse theory.
“Our universe may simply be a region within an eternally inflating super-region,” the Caltech researcher wrote.
The Multiverse Theory
If you have ever read comic books or watched science fiction movies, you likely already have a basic idea of what the multiverse theory consists of. However, if you don’t subscribe to these things, I will explain. The multiverse theory basically theorizes that the continuous expansion of the universe has created various pockets of energy that are still expanding at even faster rates and have created several other pocket universes of their own. This cosmic inflation is what makes the multiverse possible. The idea of there being multiple universes all co-existing simultaneously are also a fundamental factor in determining the overall effects of string theory. Within the multiverse theory (which has its counterpart in Supersymmetry), our universe is joined by other simultaneously existing universes-each existing within their own specific physical laws. For example, in one universe; you exist just as you are now and the world is as you currently view it. In another universe, the laws of physics may work differently in that perhaps gravity causes everything to exist upside down (the sky and the ground are reversed). The possibilities are boundless with the multiverse theory.
According to MIT cosmologist Max Tegmark, there are four levels of parallel universes:
Level 1: Describes an infinite universe that, by the laws of probability, must contain another copy of Earth somewhere
Level 2: Other distant regions of space with different physical parameters, but the same basic laws
Level 3: Other universes where each possibility that can exist does exist, as described by the many worlds interpretation (MWI) of quantum physics
Level 4: Entirely distinct universes that may not even be connected to ours in any meaningful way and very likely have entirely different fundamental physical laws
The Large Hadron Collider and the Multiverse
With the second go-round of CERN’s Large Hadron Collider already underway, the supercollider’s hope is to discover miniature black holes which would help scientists get closer to finding more evidence of a parallel universe, which is not the same as a multiverse; but it is similar. CERN employee Mir Faizal from the University of Waterloo explained what the team at CERN are doing in terms of locating another dimensional universe.
“Just as many parallel sheets of paper, which are two dimensional objects (breath and length) can exist in a third dimension (height), parallel universes can also exist in higher dimensions,” Faizal explained, as quoted by The Daily Mail.
“We predict that gravity can leak into extra dimensions, and if it does, then miniature black holes can be produced at the LHC,” he added.
Faizal did however, admit that right now, he and his colleagues are relying on “philosophy and not science.”
“Normally, when people think of the multiverse, they think of the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics, where every possibility is actualised… This is not what we mean by parallel universes. What we mean is real universes in extra dimensions,” he explained.
If scientists really have discovered potential proof that parallel universes exist, the implications could be astronomical in terms of understanding our own. It’s exciting to say the least.