Has Asymmetrical Nuclei Removed Time Travel from our Grasp?
If you are one of the science buffs that have a particular interest in time travel, you may be sorely disappointed if a paper published in Physical Review Letters is correct. According to the paper “Direct Evidence of Octupole Deformation in Neutron-Rich” experiments have confirmed that the nucleus is pear shaped rather than round or football shaped; suggesting that the previously believed asymmetry is more pronounced than at first thought.
The implication with this discovery, is that our universe may not be as symmetrical as we previously believed. It would explain why we cannot find as much anti-matter in the universe as we can find matter. So in this short-lived atom, protons and neutrons may be distributed in an asymmetrical shape, meaning that they have more mass on one end than on the other. The belief with this discovery is that since this finding contradicts some of the running nuclear theories, it could prove that time travel is impossible. The reason for this is because the uneven distribution of particles violates the CP-symmetry (CP-charge and parity) because switching particles for their anti-particles means that they should behave in a specific manner. What this means is that if you have have anti-hydrogen, it will behave like hyrdrogen because P-symmetry is about space: you can invert a system (mirror image) and the resulting physics should remain the same.
CP-symmetry however, suggests that for every particle that has an anticlockwise spin, it will decay in the opposite direction. This violation of C and CP-symmetry are supposed to explain why there isn’t as much anti-matter in the universe as there is matter. While a few have been discovered to do this, not enough have been discovered to imply a complete balance in the universe. (if you find 100 particles, scientists may have discovered 1 anti-particle).
This new pear-shaped atom is only the second discovered, but it is another indication that there are more particles to discover than are currently represented in the Standard Model. This leaves the supersymmetry principle still very prominent, whereas the discovery of the Higgs Boson, may have stopped the theory in its tracks had its mass been heavier.
How this Nuclei Affects Time Travel
So far, scientists accept that the universe is symmetrical in nature when viewed under CPT (charge, parity, time), which adds a condition to time reversal, implying that if the CP is violated, the T symmetry will be violated too. This means that things cannot operate both backward and forward in time. The discovery of the pear shaped nuclei suggests that time is broken and only works in a specific direction (such as forward as projected by Einstein’s theory of relativity.
“We’ve found these nuclei literally point towards a direction in space. This relates to a direction in time, proving there’s a well-defined direction in time and we will always travel from past to present,” co-author Dr Marcus Scheck told the BBC.
CERN will repeat the experiment at its Isotope On Line Detector, which can produce barium-144 in huge quantities.
To better understand why time is only believed to more forward, you would need to look only at K and B mesons, at least if you believe Assciate Professor, Joan Vaccaro, of Griffith University, who once said:
“Experiments on subatomic particles over the past 50 years show that nature doesn’t treat both directions of time equally. In particular, subatomic particles called K and B mesons behave slightly differently depending on the direction of time.”
“In the connection between time and space, space is easier to understand because it’s simply there,” she added. “But time is forever forcing us towards the future.
“Yet while we are indeed moving forward in time, there is also always some movement backwards, a kind of jiggling effect, and it is this movement I want to measure using these K and B mesons.”
She did so, by reworking the mathematical equations of Quantum mechanics in manner that conserved mass without any given conditions. In doing so, she found that time and space behaved in an identical manner. After she allowed for the violations of symmetries, the equations evolved and described the law of mass conservation to arise organically.
These equations are far more interesting when time is viewed in a linear fashion, which is a necessary component in forming human perception. However, in removing the linear nature of time and its forward momentum, you end up with everything happening at the same moment. If all of time occurred at the same instant, travel would not only be possible but a lot simpler.